Campaign Finance Disclosure Requirements

Table of Contents

Expenditure Exemptions Prohibited Expenditures Dissolution of Committee

Political Party Manual:
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Appendices:
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POLITICAL PARTY COMMITTEE - CAMPAIGN STATEMENTS

A Political Party Committee discloses its campaign finance activity on Campaign Statements. A Campaign Statement consists of a cover page and a series of schedules that itemize the committee’s contributions, receipts, expenditures and debts. Campaign Statement forms and instructions can be obtained from the Department of State’s website. Certain committees are required to file their Campaign Statements electronically with the Bureau of Elections. See Appendix D for more information on this requirement.

THE REPORTING WAIVER

A Political Party Committee that does not expect to receive or spend more than $1,000.00 in a calendar year can obtain a reporting waiver by selecting YES on the Statement of Organization or an amended Statement of Organization. A committee that maintains a Reporting Waiver is exempt from filing detailed Campaign Statements unless it exceeds the $1,000.00 threshold. The Reporting Waiver is further explained in Appendix C.

CAMPAIGN STATEMENT CLOSING DATES, DUE DATES, AND COVERAGE DATES

Campaign Statements have specific coverage dates. The first Campaign Statement filed by a committee “opens” on the day the committee formed and extends through the “closing date” of the Statement that is due. Subsequent Campaign Statements “open” on the day after the last day covered by the previous statement filed by the committee and extend through the “closing date” of the Statement that is due. As the Campaign Statement that is due picks up where the last Campaign Statement left off, an Annual Campaign Statement may not cover the entire year.

WHEN CAMPAIGN STATEMENTS ARE REQUIRED

A Political Party Committee that does not maintain a Reporting Waiver is required to file a Pre- and/or Post-Campaign Statement if the committee participates in the election by making an expenditure to support or oppose the nomination or election of a candidate whose name appears on the ballot for that election or is a write-in candidate in that election; by making an expenditure to support or oppose the qualification, passage or defeat of a ballot question that appears on that ballot; or by making an expenditure for get-out-the-vote activity related to that election. See Campaign Finance Disclosure website for more information.

The Primary and General are separate elections. Pre-Election, Post-Election and Annual Campaign Statements have closing dates, due dates and coverage periods detailed as follows:

Democratic Party, Republican Party and Minor Parties WITH ballot access in Michigan registered with the State of Michigan

Type of StatementClosing Date of StatementStatement Due Date
Pre-Election Campaign Statement16 days before election11 days before election
Post-Election Campaign Statement20 days after election30 days after election
Annual Campaign StatementDecember 31January 31
Pre-Convention Campaign Statement16 days before 1st day of convention11 days before 1st day of convention
Post-Convention Campaign Statement20 days after last day of convention30 days after last day of convention

Democratic Party, Republican Party and Minor Parties WITHOUT ballot access in Michigan registered with the State of Michigan

Type of StatementClosing Date of StatementStatement Due Date
January StatementDecember 31January 31
April StatementApril 20April 25
July StatementJuly 20July 25
October StatementOctober 20October 25

DEFINITION OF ELECTION

An “election” is defined as a primary, general, special, or millage election or recall vote held in Michigan, or a convention or caucus of a political party held to nominate a candidate.

ANNUAL CAMPAIGN STATEMENT FILING EXEMPTION

A Political Party Committee that files a Post-General Campaign Statement due between December 1 and January 30 is not required to file the Annual Campaign Statement that is due on January 31 immediately following the Post-General. However, the committee would be required to file the Annual Campaign Statement that will be due on January 31 of subsequent years that cannot be waived.

EXAMPLES OF CAMPAIGN STATEMENT REQUIREMENTS

The examples below are offered as clarification in determining when a Political Party Committee may be required to file a Campaign Statement. The dates provided are for example only and do not reflect actual due dates of campaign statements.

A City General Election is scheduled for April 2. The close of books for the Pre-Election Campaign Statement is March 17 with a due date of March 22. The close of books for the Post-General Campaign Statement is April 22 with a due date of May 2.

A School Election is scheduled for June 11. The close of books for the Pre-School Campaign Statement is May 26 with a due date of May 31. The close of books for the Post-School Campaign Statement is July 1 with a due date of July 11.

The previous Campaign Statement filed by the Political Party Committee was the Annual Campaign Statement that had a closing date of December 31.

Scenario #1

On March 10, a Political Party Committee makes an expenditure as a direct contribution to the Candidate Committee of a candidate whose name appears on the ballot in the April 2 City General Election. On March 15, the committee makes an expenditure for the printing of a flyer in opposition to a candidate whose name appears on the ballot in the June 11 School Election. These are the only expenditures the committee makes during the year. As a result of this activity the committee is required to file the following Campaign Statements:

  • Pre-General Campaign Statement, due on March 22. The committee reports both of the expenditures on the Pre-General Campaign Statement as they were both made during the coverage period for the Pre-General Statement (January 1 through March 17). The committee also reports all funds received into the political account during this period. The Post-General, Pre-School and Post-School Campaign Statements are not required as they would not show any additional expenditures relating to either election.
  • Annual Campaign Statement, due on January 31, covering the period from March 18 through December 31. This report will show zero expenditures but will include all funds received during the coverage period.

Scenario #2

In this scenario the activity is the same except that the expenditure related to the City General Election is not made until March 27. Because of the timing of this expenditure, the Political Party Committee does not owe the Pre-General Campaign Statement as it has a closing date of March 17. Instead, the committee will file the following Campaign Statements:

  • Post-General Campaign Statement, due on May 2. The Post-General Campaign Statement covers the period from January 1 through April 22 and would include both the March 27 expenditure related to the City General Election and the March 15 expenditure related to the School Election as they occurred during this period. The committee also reports all funds received into the political account during this period. The Pre-School and Post-School Campaign Statements are not required as they would not show any additional expenditures relating to the School Election.
  • Annual Campaign Statement, due on January 31. This Statement will cover the period from April 23 through December 31. This report will show zero expenditures but will include all funds received during the coverage period.

Scenario #3

In scenario #3, expenditures related to the City General Election are made on March 10 and April 20. Expenditures related to the School Election are made on May 18 and June 1. The Political Party Committee will file the following Campaign Statements.

  • Pre-Election Campaign Statement, due on March 22. The Committee will report the March 10 expenditure on this statement as the coverage period is from January 1 through March 17. The committee also reports all funds received into the political account during this period.
  • Post-Election Campaign Statement, due on May 2. The Committee will report the April 20 expenditure on this statement as the coverage period is from March 18 through April 22. The committee also reports all funds received into the political account during this period.
  • Pre-School Campaign Statement, due on May 31. The Committee will report the May 18 expenditure on this statement as the coverage period is from April 23 through May 26. The committee also reports all funds received into the political account during this period.
  • Post-School Campaign Statement, due on July 11. The Committee will report the June 1 expenditure on this statement as the coverage period is from May 27 through July 1. The committee also reports all funds received into the political account during this period.
  • 2008 Annual Campaign Statement, due on January 31. This statement will cover the period from July 2 through December 31. This report will show zero expenditures but will include all funds received during the coverage period.

On December 19 a Political Party Committee makes an expenditure to support a candidate whose name will appear on the ballot in the Village Primary Election scheduled for February of the following year. This is the only expenditure the committee makes with respect to the village Primary. The committee reports the expenditure and all funds received during the period since the closing date of their previous statement on the Annual Campaign Statement due on January 31. After filing the Annual Campaign Statement, the committee is not required to file the Pre-Primary or Post-Primary Campaign Statements for the Village Primary Election as there are no additional expenditures to report.

Immediate Disclosure Reports: See Appendix G

Late Filing Fees: See Appendix E




Page last modified on October 16, 2017, at 10:31 AM