Table of Contents

PAC Manual:
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Michigan’s Campaign Finance Act (MCFA), P.A. 388 of 1976, as amended, promotes the public disclosure of political contributions and expenditures. The Secretary of State and the County Clerks seek disclosure through voluntary compliance of candidates, groups and committees with the requirements of the MCFA.

The MCFA requires groups participating in Michigan elections to form and register committees. Committees are groups that:

  • receive contributions or make expenditures to influence voters for or against the nomination or election of a candidate;
  • receive contributions or make expenditures to influence voters for the qualification, passage, or defeat of a ballot question;
  • make independent expenditures to influence voters; or
  • receive contributions or make expenditures to assist a political party in qualifying for ballot access in Michigan

Exceptions are:

  • An individual, other than a candidate, does not constitute a committee.
  • A person, other than a registered committee, making an expenditure to a ballot question committee as long as the person does not solicit or receive contributions for the purpose of making an expenditure to that ballot question committee, does not constitute a committee.

The types of committees covered by the MCFA are:

  • Candidate Committees
  • Political and Independent Committees (PACS)
  • Ballot Question Committees
  • Political Party Committees

To register, a committee files a Statement of Organization. Statement of Organization forms can be obtained from the Secretary of State’s website at State level filers must file electronically. Once a committee is registered, it may be required to file campaign statements and other reports to disclose the committee’s campaign finance activity in Michigan elections.

The MCFA specifies when and under what conditions a committee may be dissolved. A dissolved committee has no further filing obligations. All committees are encouraged to request dissolution when activity in the committee ends. A committee that has not been dissolved and does not have a Reporting Waiver must continue to file campaign statements as required by the MCFA.

If you have questions, do not hesitate to seek assistance from the Department of State’s Bureau of Elections in Lansing. Possible violations can be avoided with early advice and use of instructional materials provided by the Department. When seeking specific legal advice, always rely on the MCFA and the Rules promulgated to administer the MCFA.


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Page last modified on November 29, 2011, at 12:37 PM